RDF (refuse-derived fuel) is produced from various types of waste such as municipal solid waste, industrial waste or commercial waste.

Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF) is generally MSW or Commercial & Industrial waste processed to remove metals and fines resulting in a 40 to 300mm product with general CV range of 8-14MJ/kg. Geminor ensure that samples are taken for analysis by independent testing houses, to allow RDF to be matched with specific offtakers, depending on parameters within each specification. Geminor managed the recovery of 900 000 tonnes of RDF in 2018 and was the largest exporter of RDF from England.

Refined RDF

Refined RDF is a more highly processed product generally sub 100mm with a higher CV range of between 12-16 MJ/kg, a lower moisture level and tighter limits on Sulphur and Chlorine, than standard RDF. This is marketed at Circulating Fluidised Bed (CFB) boilers and gasification plants as they typically require a more refined product for their facilities.